Tooth Injury: Types, Treatment and Prevention
A tooth injury can be caused by car accidents, fights, biting on hard objects or food, drinking hot liquids, car accidents and falls. It can be painful and result in lacerations, punctures, and bleeding.
3 Common Types of Tooth Injury and How to Treat Them
Habits like clenching, teeth grinding and chewing on hard objects will cause your teeth to crack. Symptoms of cracked teeth will include toothaches caused by temperature extremes and erratic pain when chewing. Extensive cracks may even lead to pulp tissue damage and infection, which can spread to your gum tissue and bone.
Due to the fact that pulp damage can happen if you have cracked teeth, you may be advised to undergo a root canal treatment. After that, a crown will be used to hold the pieces together as well as to protect your cracked tooth. But if the crack isn’t treatable, extracting the affected tooth is the only solution.
Broken, Chipped and Fractured Teeth
Minor fractures or chips won’t require immediate care but must be treated. This helps avoid sharp edges that can cut soft oral tissues.
When the outer tooth is chipped off but the pulp is still intact, a reputable Indianapolis dentist recommends smoothing out the rough edges or using tooth-colored composite to replace the missing portion. When the pulp is damaged but can still be repaired, a porcelain veneer or crown may be used to restore and cover your tooth. But when the pulp is seriously damaged, a root canal treatment will be done before the placement of the crown. A tooth extraction is recommended only when there are no remaining structures to hold a crown.
If your tooth is completely knocked out or avulsed, you need to seek immediate dental care. Whenever possible, put your tooth back in its socket as soon as possible. By doing so, you can have a better chance of saving your tooth. Gently bite on gauze, a cloth or a wet tea bag to minimize bleeding and stabilize your tooth until you arrive at the dental office.
But if you can’t put your tooth back in its socket, keep it moist. It can successfully be re-implanted if the tooth is properly preserved and you get to a dental clinic within 30 minutes. Remember, though, that only permanent teeth can be re-implanted.
Although a tooth injury isn’t completely preventable, there are things you can do to minimize your chances of injury. These include:
- Not chewing on hard objects like pens, bones, hard candies, or ice
- Not clenching or grinding your teeth
- Always wearing a seatbelt
- Wearing a mouth guard while sleeping if you are grinding your teeth
- Avoiding fights
- Wearing protective mouth gear when playing sports
- Safeguarding your home against possible slipping and tripping hazards
A tooth injury is something that must be dealt with immediately. Once your teeth get cracked, chipped, fractured, broken, or knocked out, a dentist in Indianapolis recommends going to your trusted clinic. Make sure to have it checked and treated immediately.